In my last article "Godhead Introduction," I briefly explained the basics of what this series will be about. Next, I will discuss the various views of the Godhead from several religious denominations. This is only a reference to what they teach.
The Jews, which are the original people whom God spoke the commandment of Deut 6:4 (above), believed and still believes in only one eternal, divine God whose name is JEHOVAH and/or YHWH (Yahweh). They believe that in scripture that God and the "Holy Spirit" are one and the same divine God; there is not two separate persons in a Godhead. They also do not believe that Jesus has come yet as their Messiah. So, there is no "Father, Son, Holy Ghost" in their doctrine.
Oneness Pentecostal (Apostolic) believe, as do the Jews, that there is only one divine God. And they believe that the Holy Spirit and God are the same divine God, because Eph 4:4 says there is only one Spirit. However, they differ from the Jews in that they believe that Jesus has come as the Messiah and that God himself dwelt in the body of Jesus Christ (Col 2:9). They differ in their teachings from Trinitarians, in that there are not three separate person in a Godhead, but all three are the one and the self-same God, just manifesting Himself in three different ways.
TRINITARIAN RELIGIONS (Catholics, Baptist & Charismatics etc.)
Trinitarians believe in one God as the two groups above. Where they differ, is that Trinitarians believe that there are three separate persons in the Godhead, being distinct Gods and co-eternal, but yet, being in this triune aspect of being a part of one God. The teaching is based on the idea that Jesus and the Holy Spirit was with God before the worlds were created. Their main teaching is based on the language used in scripture when referring to the Father, Son and Holy Ghost; and when we read of the Son talking to the Father. This teaching started some 300 years after the original church began on the day of Pentecost.
JEHOVAH WITNESS RELIGION
The Jehovah Witness also only believe in one divine God and that his name is JEHOVAH. They do not believe in the trinity. They also do not believe the Holy Spirit is a second person, but believe it is just a force that comes from God himself. As far as Jesus Christ, they teach, because he was the firstborn of mankind that Jesus was born a man to pay the price of our sins. They do not see Jesus as part of a trinity nor as being God manifested in the flesh; he was just a man.
Mormons also believe in one God. They also teach that they don't believe the Trinity like Trinitarians do. However, in LDS belief, God the Father, Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit are referred to as the "Godhead." They are three separate and distinct beings. They are "one God" collectively, meaning that they are united in spirit, mind and purpose. Jesus and the Father have physical "bodies of flesh and bone", while the Holy Spirit does not, though the Holy Spirit has a "spirit body". God the Father is understood to be the literal father of the spirits of humanity, as well as the literal father of both the spirit and physical body of Jesus. They also believe that there can be more than three Gods in the Godhead, yet they don't specifically say what they are.
The Islam faith teaches that there is only one God, much like the Jews, except God's name is Allah. They do not believe in the Trinity at all. And they do not believe that Jesus is God manifested in the flesh. As a matter of fact they look at Jesus as just a great prophet of God. They actually believe that Muhammad is the greatest prophet of them all (including Jesus) and they have built their faith based on Muhammad's teachings.
I mostly covered just major faiths that believe in one God. As you can see there are many views concerning the Godhead. And as you look through them all it can be confusing as to which one is correct.
Before I begin writing more in-depth articles on Godhead Theology, below are just a few scriptures to think about and compare to the various teaching above.
1Ti 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh [Jesus] , justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Joh 14:8-9 Philip saith unto him, Lord, shew us the Father, and it sufficeth us. (9) Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father?
Eph 4:4-6 There is one body, and one Spirit, even as ye are called in one hope of your calling; (5) One Lord, one faith, one baptism, (6) One God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all.
1Jn 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.
Read: The Godhead Debate