In my article "The Plurality Of God," I explained the terms "Let Us" and "Our" in light of the Trinitarian viewpoint. I discuss the fact that there is only ONE SPIRIT and that the "plurality" spoken of in the four instances in scripture does not prove there are three persons in a Godhead, but that it is just God speaking majestically of His entire Kingdom, which included angels.
What is very important about maintaining a true biblical stance that there is only ONE SPIRIT of God, we are now going see who is the "Father" in both the Old and New Testaments.
THE OLD TESTAMENT "FATHER"
Most of you are going to find this topic a little surprising in light of a Trinitarian viewpoint. As we know, the Trinitarians teach that there are three persons in the Godhead and that they are individual, co-equal, co-existent and co-eternal, yet are collectively one God.
Yet, in the Old Testament writings themselves, GOD DOES NOT refer to Himself as "Father." However, there are a few scriptures where a person ascribes that title to God; Isaiah said...
Isa 64:8 But now, O LORD, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.
Then we have this verse that speaks of Jesus; and it says that He will be the "everlasting Father." We will be covering this in another lesson.
Isa 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
And then again, David prophesied about the Lord begetting a Son. But still, God doesn't refer to himself as a "Father" but gives David the voice to proclaim what He will be in the future.
Psa 2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee.
THE NEW TESTAMENT "FATHER"
So, you may be wondering why doesn't God refer to Himself as "Father" in the Old Testament scriptures? That actually is a good question that a lot of people do not think about in light of Trinitarian teachings. What has changed from the Old Testament to the New Testament? The answer is quite simple... God is emphatically mentioned as a "Father" in the New Testament when He begets his son Jesus Christ.
Joh 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
If you do a thorough search in the gospels (Mat-John), you will find that the term "Father" only comes from the mouth of Jesus and is only spoken of by John in light of the deity of Christ (I find that interesting). Then in Acts through the book of Revelation, the term "Father" is used by more people.
We also need to understand, even though God didn't refer to himself as "Father" in the Old Testament, we do know now from a New Testament standpoint, that since God created everything He is the father of creation and such like.
So, what can we make of the term "Father" in spite of the fact that God had never referred to himself as "Father" in the Old Testament. Again the answer is simple... When God beget the Son (Jesus), the roles of Father and Son came into being. This relationship (roles) has now become the focal point of who God is and who Jesus is within a relationship union known as the deity of Christ (or incarnation). We will be discussing the relationship of the Father, Son and Holy Ghost in another study.
Since the New Testament has revealed the new viewpoint of God being a Father (of Jesus), God has now become more personable with mankind in the way God brings salvation to us through Jesus Christ. With this revelation of who the "Father" is, it is safe to say now, that the ONE GOD of the Old Testament, and all the way back before time, in His continuing glory, is in fact THE FATHER of creation and the FATHER of the flesh of Jesus!
Eph 1:17 That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him:
Even though this is a very short lesson, it is vital in understanding the Godhead and who the Father is. Because in our next lesson we are going to look at the question... Who was the father of Jesus?