In my article "God The Father," I discuss who the "Father" is in the Old and New Testaments, and why this is important. My main point was that God did not refer to Himself as the "Father" in the Old Testament, but is known as "Father" in the New Testament, and it was the beginning of a relationship (role) that points to the deity of Christ. So, as we still maintain the truth that there is only ONE SPIRIT - The Father, we are now going look into who is the Father of Jesus.
THE VIRGIN BIRTH
Luk 1:34-35 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man? (35) And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
In the gospels of Matthew and Luke is the record of the virgin birth. It is evident from the above passage that the "Holy Ghost" overshadowed Mary and she conceived the Son of God. So, looking at this verse at face value, it is evident that the father of Jesus is the Holy Ghost!!
In light of the Trinitarian viewpoint, we need to address the controversy of who is the father of Jesus; The "Father" or the "Holy Ghost?" In the Trinitarian teachings, they teach that there are three persons in the Godhead that are individual, co-equal, co-existent and co-eternal; yet are collectively one God.
The problem you would then run into is, if the "Holy Ghost" (third person in trinity) is the father of Jesus, then how can the Father (supreme God) be the father of Jesus also? That would mean that there are two fathers in light of the Trinitarian viewpoint, which at face value just cannot be!!
THE ANSWER IS VERY EASY
Remember in the Old Testament, there is only ONE SPIRIT of God and we proved that the "Holy Spirit" is the one-and-the-same Spirit of God. Now that we are in the New Testament, we are seeing the term "Holy Ghost" (Holy Spirit) operating in a miraculous fashion as a father.
What we now have to look at is who is the father of Jesus. The term "Son of God" in-of-itself denotes that Jesus is begotten (born) of God. So, this means that God, who is known in the New Testament as a "Father" is actually the father of Jesus! And because the Holy Ghost is God, then the father of Jesus is the Holy Ghost, because God and the Holy Ghost (Spirit) is the one-and-the-same GOD!! --- Not two Gods, but just ONE!
Even though this is a very short lesson, it is vital in understanding the Godhead and who the father of Jesus really is. Because scripture doesn't teach three persons in a Godhead, it is very evident from scripture that there is STILL ONLY one Spirit of God (Holy Spirit) and that this ONE SPIRIT is the Father of the Son, Christ Jesus.
In our next lesson we are going to cover some prophecy from the Old Testament that helps us to see who Jesus is going to be in the New Testament.
READ: Who Is The Son?