In my article "The Virgin Birth Controversy," I asked the question, who was the father of Jesus? Was it the "Father" or the "Holy Ghost?" And the conclusion of that study was that the Holy Ghost and the Father are the one-and-the-same. So, obviously, the Holy Ghost (Father) is the father of Jesus. Now, we are going to look into who is the Son of God as it relates to the Godhead. Even though we know we are talking about Jesus, we are actually looking at this question in light of a Trinitarian vs Oneness viewpoint about whether He is the Father or not.
OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECY
There are so many prophecies of Jesus, that I could write many articles on just those scriptures alone. But, I want to key on two of the most popular and important prophecies of all...
Isa 7:14 Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Isa 9:6 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace.
In both of the prophecies above, we need to REALLY PAY ATTENTION to who this "son" is going to be when he is born into the world. The reason we have to see this, is because these two scriptures are telling us about the incarnation of Christ. And the terms that point to the incarnation (God in Christ) are these; "Immanuel", "The mighty God" and "The everlasting Father."
Now, we have to sit-up and take notice of what these scriptures are telling us... that Jesus is going to be Immanuel (God with us); that Jesus is "The mighty God" and that Jesus is "The everlasting Father." So, basically it is saying that Jesus is going to be God the everlasting Father!!
DO WE HAVE TWO FATHERS NOW?
Now, the Godhead controversy has finally hit the dividing line! How can we have both "God the Father" and Jesus (the Son of God) being the Father at the same time? There can only be one Father?
From the Trinitarian viewpoint, they would say that the "names" stated above are just characteristics of God. And, I would agree that you can apply that to Jesus. But, because they say that there are three persons in the Godhead, Jesus can't be the Father because he is God the Son. So, in light of the trinity conception of Jesus having these characteristic, let's see how Oneness view this.
From the Oneness viewpoint, because there is only ONE SPIRIT of God, and not three separate God's; that One Spirit (the Father), dwelt (incarnate) inside the human body (the son - the flesh) of Jesus Christ. The reason Oneness teachings can point to the above scripture as saying that Jesus was God, is because the term incarnate means; embodied in flesh or taking on flesh. So, all the "characteristics" that Trinitarians say are just a part of Jesus was actually the characteristics of God himself, because it was actually God who dwelt inside the flesh of Jesus.
So, when a Oneness person says that Jesus is God, what they are really saying is that God the Father (Spirit) made (manifested - revealed) himself a human flesh (the Son - Jesus) to dwell in and walked upon the earth. Here is the basis of that thought...
Col 2:9 For in him [Jesus] dwelleth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily.
1 Tim 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Now, after concluding that God as a Father, begets his Son (the incarnate flesh) Jesus, we can clearly see that the reason why the prophet Isaiah said that the son (Jesus) was going to truly be Immanuel (God with us), "The mighty God" and "The everlasting Father" was because God walked on this earth in the body of the man, Christ Jesus.
JESUS SAYS HE IS THE FATHER
Joh 14:8-10 Philip saith unto him, Lord, shew us the Father, and it sufficeth us. (9) Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Shew us the Father? (10) Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.
To fully understand the Godhead and deity of Christ, you HAVE TO GET THIS POINT... All through the gospels we see Jesus using the terms Father and Son interchangeably. He often said, "I and my Father are one." or "the Father that is in me." When God beget (through virgin birth) the son, God (the One Spirit) began a dialog of relationship roles... God became the Father and Jesus (the flesh of God) became the Son. And throughout the gospels Jesus is constantly speaking in these relationship roles. What you have to get is that the incarnate Christ was both God and Man at the same time. Therefore Jesus (as the man - flesh of God) often spoke of and to the Father (Spirit of God) that dwelt in him. I will touch on this concept in more detail in another study.
So, back to Jesus being the Father. Here, in this verse we clearly see that the disciples wanted Jesus to show them who the Father really was. And Jesus simply says... "He that has seen me, has seen the Father." Philip had the answer; he was looking at the Father when he was looking at Jesus!! The reason Jesus said that they were looking at the Father is because Jesus knew that the ONE SPIRIT of God, the Father, dwelt inside of His body. Jesus WAS GOD MANIFESTED in the flesh of the son Jesus Christ!!!
THE DUAL-NATURE OF CHRIST
If you read the gospels through the eyes of the God incarnate (God in Christ), it will be very easy to understand the scriptures that speak of "Father" (Spirit) vs "Son" (Flesh). When we read Jesus speaking or praying to the Father; the key is that you don't divide up the Godhead and say that there are three persons (individually God) in the Godhead, but that there is ONLY ONE SPIRIT of God that made himself a flesh (Jesus the son) and lived inside that body and walked around the earth.
As God the Father (through Jesus), He did many miracles, walked on the water, raised the dead, caused storms to cease, created the world and forgave sin. As the Man (son -flesh), Jesus got weary, had to pray, was tempted, fasted and often spoke from his human side. He was truly God and Man at the same time!!! -- Not God the Father and God the Son... the term "God the Son" is not even in scripture. But we do say that Jesus was that one God because the ONE SPIRIT OF GOD dwelt INSIDE OF JESUS!!
When you look at the Godhead through the concept of the Trinity, it is no wonder they say it's a mystery and hard to understand. That is because you don't need to divide these relationship roles (manifestations) into separate Gods.
And yet, as the scripture clearly stated in 1 Tim 3:16... "And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh."
It is no mystery when you view it in the Monotheistic (Oneness) viewpoint that God the Father (the ONE SPIRIT) manifested Himself in the flesh (Son) of Jesus Christ. --- ONE SPIRIT -- ONE FLESH! That's it! Easy to understand!! That is why we can say that Jesus is the Father.... You have to look at the deity (God) side of Jesus... that is the Father - the Son is the flesh side.
This is the same concept as the study I did called "God & Multiple Manifestations" where God can manifest himself in many different ways, but still remain that ONE TRUE SPIRIT of God!
So, In closing, I just want you to really think about this scripture and look at what is being said, that Jesus is the true God...
1Jn 5:20 And we know that the Son of God is come, and hath given us an understanding, that we may know him that is true, and we are in him that is true, even in his Son Jesus Christ. This is the true God, and eternal life.
In my next study, I am going to look at John 1:1, 14 and discuss this subject from a different viewpoint.
READ: The Word Was God